Student achievement gap same after nearly 50 years, study says JACK: It’s imperative that we’re intentional when it comes to inclusion. It’s not just about access and putting students in the seats. I mean everything from being more explicit with the loaded class terms we use, like office hours, to thinking more critically about how our policies affect all the students. Higher education is highly unequal. That is a fact. But our individual campuses don’t need to mirror that kind of inequality.If we’re to diversify our campuses to many more first-generation or low-income students, that means that we need to reach out to families more, because it’s not just a student who goes to college; it’s also the family. We need to make sure that we’re engaging families so that they’re aware of what’s going on on campus and what strategies of success students can follow to make the most of their college experience. We need to make sure that the roadmap exists not just for legacy students whose parents had been to college and can give them tips for being successful. Not every family can do that.Even though I study higher education at elite institutions, this is a story about the pernicious effect of poverty and inequality; how it affects not just how students make it to college, but how they make it through. We need a better understanding of where students come from, because we’re neither ready to support those who come from the inner cities nor to support those with rural backgrounds, especially those who are low-income. One of the first steps we have to do — I know it sounds lofty — is that we must begin by questioning what we take for granted and examine our blind spots. Because those blind spots inform policy and that policy shapes the undergraduate experience. At the most fundamental level, that’s what we need.This interview has been condensed and edited for length and clarity. Related Harvard’s expansive financial aid program ensures diversity by welcoming freshmen regardless of their circumstances Anthony Jack, Ph.D ’16, grew up in a working-class neighborhood in Miami, the son of a single mother working as a school security guard, with an ambition that matched his intelligence.After attending a magnet middle school, Jack went to a private high school in his senior year and then graduated cum laude from Amherst College. He went on to pursue a doctorate in sociology at Harvard, where he is now assistant professor of education at the Graduate School of Education (GSE) and holds a Shutzer Assistant Professorship at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study.The Gazette sat down with Jack to talk about his first book, “The Privileged Poor.” His research for it was inspired in part by his own life, but also by his interest in “developing a better understanding of the experiences of all lower-income undergraduates.”Q&AAnthony JackGAZETTE: Your book is about the struggles of disadvantaged students, or the privileged poor as you call them, at elite schools. Of your research, what struck you the most?JACK: The scary part for me is that I’m seeing a lot of the same problems now, 15 years after I entered Amherst College, that a lot of my peers and I faced in the early 2000s. Despite the efforts by elite institutions to recruit low-income students and diversify their campuses, disadvantaged students are still experiencing roadblock after roadblock that really makes them feel like second-class citizens in a first-class world. Students who are receiving very generous financial aid policies are struggling to feel they belong there and they also don’t feel included because they’re reminded so often of being from a low-income background. That’s both from peers and from university policies, so it’s not just who feels comfortable in the cafeteria or the dorms; it is who feels comfortable in the classroom and who feels comfortable walking around the campus. One of the signals universities are sending to people is that you may be at a certain university, but you’re not of it.GAZETTE: Your book includes two types of low-income students at elite schools. You have categorized them as the “privileged poor” and the “doubly disadvantaged.” Can you explain the differences and similarities between them?JACK: Where the experiences of the privileged poor and the doubly disadvantaged differ is in their trajectories to college. The privileged poor went to a high school that the top 5 percent or the top 1 percent send their kids to, so very often low-income kids might study abroad in high school, go to luxurious places, or fly in private jets. The doubly disadvantaged come from low-income neighborhoods and typically distressed high schools, and when they enter college, they experience a real culture shock. But I don’t want people to think this is all about social preparation. There is an economic component because both the privileged poor and the doubly disadvantaged are low-income students.Money matters in college, and sometimes universities’ policies make it matter for some groups more than others. The prime example is the policies that close the cafeterias during recesses. When we shut down our campuses based upon the assumption that people would leave for fun in the sun, we are actually not paying attention to those students who face food insecurity during these recesses, the ones who don’t know where their next meal is coming from. Some people say, “Why can’t they just go home or buy food?,” ignoring how very expensive it is to buy food. Food insecurity is a problem that affects students nationwide. “It’s imperative that we’re intentional when it comes to inclusion. It’s not just about access and putting students in the seats.” — Anthony Jack But at least it’s not getting wider, say authors, who cite decline in teacher quality as offsetting programs like Head Start Leveling the playing field GAZETTE: In which group would you include yourself? How did you get inspired to choose this field of research?JACK: By my own classification, I’m a member of the privileged poor. My transition from Coconut Grove to Amherst had a slight detour to a private school … during my senior year. That year at Gulliver Prep gave me a sense of what was going to come at Amherst. I was exposed to office hours, teachers with Ph.Ds. And I was also exposed to rich people in a way I had never been before.My individual detour to a private school, I show, is a well-established HOV lane for low-income students to go to elite colleges. Programs like Prep for Prep, A Better Chance, and the Wight Foundation place low-income students in private high schools or boarding schools. What was striking to me, once I got to Amherst, was to find a [large] number of low-income students who were also alumni of prestigious and preparatory high schools. And that became the foundation for my research because that was missing in the literature. We had never talked about poor students who went to private high schools, and my research was inspired both my own personal experience but also by what I saw as a gap in the literature. My work really focuses on the gap between access and inclusion.GAZETTE: In your book you include many examples of the difficulties faced by low-income students. Which of the examples shocked you the most?JACK: Hearing someone offered a student $500 [to move] so they could get a single room — that was bold, but it probably wasn’t the most shocking. The most shocking was hearing a low-income student describe how she felt after she learned about a program that pays participants in exchange for cleaning the dorms before freshmen move in. She said she felt that “in order to be here, I have to clean.” My grandmother was a maid and my brother is a janitor, and a lot of my students have relatives who work as cleaners. I remember a story that really hurt to hear. A student said to me, “My mom didn’t want me to be doing the exact thing she was doing back home; she did it so I didn’t have to.” But because these jobs were the highest paid and the most flexible, he felt like he had to do it. That was the most eye-opening experience. When we think about how inequality shapes our students as they move through college, we can’t just focus on the micro-interaction between peers or between students and teachers. We also have to consider the universities’ policies and practices.GAZETTE: Elite colleges began opening their gates to low-income students in the late 1990s. Can you reflect on what has happened since then? What have been the gains and the shortcomings?JACK: The gains have been that more low-income students have entered selective colleges since the adoption of no-loan financial-aid policies. Some schools have seen their numbers almost double, like Vassar. The loss, however, is the missed opportunities for what happens when students get on campus. The policies that admit students far outpace the policies that promote integration and inclusion.When it comes to food insecurity, there has been some progress. Some colleges, like Connecticut College and Smith College, changed their policies when I brought it to their attention and talked about the likely effects of food insecurity on their students, and others have begun to address the issue.GAZETTE: What else can elite colleges do to foster inclusion and belonging among their low-income students?
You can see Istria as a microcosm of Southeast European history of the 20th century, but it is also a magical playground of the 21st century for all those who love the sun, ancient hill towns, Roman heritage, wine, truffles and excellent gastronomy.This is how the world-famous guide of The New York Times, David Farley, introduces the story in the recently published edition. ” 36 Hours in Istria“. The popular edition of “what to do when you have 36 hours to get to know one place” is intended for travelers and readers as an introduction to discovering destinations around the world, through short, weekend trips.This journey through Istria begins in the Buje region, and lasts for three days when, after enjoying the joys of the Adriatic in the morning, a “fishing” snack in Fažana and a tour of the Arena and Roman heritage, he leaves Pula and Istria in the afternoon.”Paradise for food lovers” or “luxurious peninsula” are some of the phrases with which the author beats Istria, revealing to readers Istria as a destination full of experiences, both on the coast and in the interior of the peninsula. He includes Istria in the destinations of top gastronomy, and he is not surprised by the fact that the first Michelin star in Croatia arrived in Istria, so he calls the experience in this Rovinj restaurant MONTEastic!What David Farley recorded for Istria about NYTimes, check out the guide “36 hours in Istria”
KINGSTON, St Vincent – The recently completed Women’s Regional Super50 tournament has been hailed as a tremendous success by president of the St Vincent Cricket Association, Kishore Shallow.The newly installed director of the West Indies Cricket Board (WICB) spearheaded the hosting of the event in St Vincent. The tournament final was played on Sunday (April 30) and Trinidad and Tobago came out as the victors.According to Shallow the most disciplined team in the tournament deserved to win the title. “At the end of it, the most disciplined and organised team won the title. Congrats to Trinidad and Tobago!”He was also high in praise of the standard of cricket played during the tournament. “It was indeed a successful tournament. The ladies exhibited tremendous skills, which resulted in a very competitive tournament.”West Indies women’s cricket has been on the rise over the past couple years as the WICB has invested heavily in tournaments, camps and coaching programmes and the results are now showing.A number of players and officials were very happy with the level of organisation of the tournament in St Vincent. Shallow alluded to this by mentioning: “from an organisational perspective, all plans came together positively”.Shallow, who has a background in Information Technology, was able to quickly put ‘live’ scoring in place and this made it very easy for scores to be sent out from the tournament.The winning team T&T, on their return home, were celebrated at the Piarco International Airport by the Minister of Sport, Darryl Smith, the CEO of the TTCB, Suruj Ragoonath and the president of the TTWCBC, Joycelyn Opadeyi who in particular heaped praises on the TTCB.The TTCB, representing the interest of the WICB in women’s cricket in Trinidad, came to the park according to Opadeyi. “We want to thank the TTCB for all that they have done for this team. They have given everything that was asked of them for us to produce champions and this we have done.”
WITH the Guyana Jaguars having already won the Headley/Weekes trophy, symbol of West Indies first-class supremacy, for a fourth straight time, focus will now shift naturally to individual performances of the players, when the final round starts today.The Jaguars host bottom-place Trinidad and Tobago Red Force, in a clash where the title-holders are strongly favoured to win.Despite the points-difference between the two teams, a ding-dong battle is expected over the next four days.The Jaguars are unbeaten this season, winning six games of their nine games so far, and fittingly, they will hope hometown advantage pays dividends. They are sitting pretty on 145.2 points.“We are playing at home, we are already the champions, and so there is a little bit of pressure, but we just need to put that behind us and play a good game of cricket,” assistant coach/manager Rayon Griffith said during an exclusive interview yesterday.Griffith, a former national fast bowler added, “The key for us will be to remain disciplined. We need to stick to our plans, build pressure around them and we will definitely come out victorious.On the other hand, the Red Force captain Denesh Ramdin is wary of the Jaguars’ threat. Ramdin, the former West Indies captain believes that while it will definitely be an uphill task for his side over the next four days, he anticipates a good game of cricket.“They (Guyana) have played some good cricket over the years and with their experience they went out again this year and won the title. It’s difficult to catch them, obviously they have already gone with the title but we can take some pride by coming out and playing well over the next four days,” Ramdin pointed out during an interview on Tuesday.“It will be tough to beat them because throughout the season we have been playing some poor cricket but after the last game we had a good talk with the guys, so hopefully we can make a change-around of the Super50 tournament because a little momentum will be good for us”.Meanwhile, the Jaguars have made two changes to their squad from the previous game against Barbados Pride. Recent West Indies recruit, opening batsman Shimron Hetmyer and left-arm spinner Anthony Adams replace Shivnarine Chanderpaul and fast bowler Romario Shepherd.According to Griffith, the former West Indies captain has opted out of the squad in order to allow a younger player an opportunity to further enhance his first-class career while Shepherd has picked up a slight hamstring injury.Play starts at 09:30hrs, and admission to the venue is free. … Hetmyer included for final match; Ramdin wary of Jaguars’ threat
The Formula 1 is back from a 2-week recess after an eventful showing in Singapore last time out where Ferrari had a double DNF and watched on as Mercedes and Red Bull racked up important points on both the driver’s championship and the constructor’s championship.Mercedes arrive in Malaysia full of confidence as Lewis Hamilton comfortably sits atop the driver’s championship table 28 points more than 4-time world champion, Sebastian Vettel.The second half of the F1 season has not been quite favourable for the Scuderia as they had an embarrassing showing on their home grid in Monza and followed that up with Vettel and Kimi Raikkonen ending their trip to Singapore at the beginning of the very first lap. On both occasions, Lewis Hamilton and Mercedes have been the direct beneficiaries of a somewhat inexplicable and unfortunate chain of performance and results from Ferrari.It is not too long ago that Sebastian Vettel had a healthy 14points lead over Hamilton, the Englishman has turned the tide and with just 6 races left of the 2017 F1 season, Malaysia is definitely make or break for Ferrari. Another Mercedes podium here all but confirms Mercedes as the top constructor, a win for Lewis Hamilton increases the points gap between him and Vettel, a situation the Australian can’t afford to be in at the end of proceedings on Sunday.Hamilton will be hoping for better luck on the Malaysia circuit as his engine blow-up here in 2016 was a major reason Nico Rosberg ended the year as Champion.On the occasion of Malaysia’s final race in the foreseeable future – they have failed to reach a contract extension agreement with the Formula 1 – Vettel is expected to be driving for redemption, Hamilton wants to consolidate on his recent fantastic run.The Formula 1 is back with four races in 5 weeks and starts this weekend in the Malaysia GP Sep 29 – Oct 1.Related