BahrainMiddle East – North Africa Protecting journalists ImprisonedFreedom of expression News News BahrainMiddle East – North Africa Protecting journalists ImprisonedFreedom of expression to go further “The many fanciful charges and the disproportionate sentences imposed on Hassan Mohammed Qambar show that the Bahraini justice system tolerates no media coverage that contradicts the official version of events,” said Sophie Anmuth, the head of RSF’s Middle East desk. “We call for his immediate release and the quashing of these wrongful convictions because he just did his job as a photojournalist.” Held since 12 June, Qambar began working as a photojournalist for such international media outlets as Russia Today Arabicand Ruptlyin 2011, when he covered that year’s uprising and pro-democracy protests. Reporters Without Borders (RSF) calls for the immediate release of Hassan Mohammed Qambar, a Bahraini freelance photographer who completed his sixth month in detention and condemns the disproportionate nature of the sentences totalling more than 100 years in prison that he has received on a range of absurd charges. March 17, 2021 Find out more June 15, 2020 Find out more News December 13, 2018 Bahraini photographer sentenced to more than 100 years in prison News October 14, 2020 Find out more According to RSF’s barometer, 15 journalists and citizen-journalists are currently detained in connection with the provision of news and information in Bahrain, which is ranked 166th out of 180 countriesin RSF’s 2018 World Press Freedom Index. The NSA ended up raiding his home more than 60 times during the ensuing six yearsuntil he was finally arrested six months ago. Receive email alerts RSF_en Tenth anniversary of Bahraini blogger’s arrest German spyware company FinFisher searched by public prosecutors Follow the news on Bahrain Help by sharing this information Organisation Coronavirus “information heroes” – journalism that saves lives He has been convicted on such charges as “burning tyres,” “causing damage to an electricity tower,” “rioting and causing chaos” and “association with a terror organization,” but RSF has learned that the interrogations to which he was submitted were all about his work as a photojournalist. Qambar was previously jailed from April 2011 to February 2012 on charges of vandalism and spreading false news. He resumed working as a photojournalist after his release with the result that Bahrain’s National Security Agency began searching for him four months later and raided his home for the first time.
The European Commission is proposing to extend the regulation exempting liner shipping consortia from EU antitrust rules by another four years, having concluded that the current measure is “still adequate”The regulation, known as the Consortia Block Exemption Regulation (BER), is set to expire on April 25, 2020.According to the commission, the proposed initiative is scheduled to be finalized before the expiry date. The proposal will be subject to a four-week feedback period.As explained, the initiative builds on the findings of the evaluation of the Consortia BER conducted from Q4 2018 to Q3 2019. The commission collected data from the general public, numerous stakeholders and national competition authorities of the EU. Furthermore, data was also collected from other international organizations such as the OECD International Transport Forum and UNCTAD.“Overall, the evaluation showed that the market conditions of the liner-shipping sector still appear to necessitate the existence of a sector-specific BER. Therefore, we propose that the CBER application period should be prolonged,” the European Commission said.Liner shipping services consist of the provision of regular, scheduled maritime cargo transport on a specific route. They require significant levels of investment and therefore are regularly provided by several carriers cooperating in consortia agreements. Consortia generally lead to economies of scale and better utilization of the space of the vessels.Although the EU law generally bans agreements between companies that restrict competition, the maritime Consortia Block Exemption Regulation allows, under certain conditions, shipping lines with a combined market share of below 30% to enter into cooperation agreements to provide joint cargo transport services.“EU rules normally prevent companies from working together in a way that might restrict competition, but companies shipping cargo by sea have been granted an exemption from this ban as they often need to work together to make their operations more financially viable and efficient,” the commission added.Related:Liner Industry Calls for Extension of Consortia Block ExemptionMaritime Organizations Propose Repeal of Consortia Block Exemption Regulation