The Qld Junior State Cup will be held at Glasshouse from July 7-9. The divisions are boys and girls Under 11, 13, 15 and 17. Keep an eye on the Queensland website for all the nomination forms and conditions of entry. Touch SA has loads of big news this week…they are holding a level 1 coaching course throughout June/July. It’s a great opportunity to expand your basic knowledge and skills in coaching and to help those that you coach…if you’re interested check out all the info on www.touchsa.com.au Peter Topp is on annual leave until April 26th, in the interest of his email inbox please try to not send him too many emails, especially large ones, as he will be unable to answer them for several days. Touch SA’s best Open players battled it out over the weekend for the Mitchell Cup, with the Mariners taking both the Mens and Womens Open titles over the Rangers. For all the results and the SA Open Squads that were named following the competition, check out www.touchsa.com.au The 2006 NSW Affiliate Conference is being held this weekend, 22-23 April at the Bankstown Sports Club. To check out the program or for more information, visit the NSW Touch website. ACT Touch are looking for officials for their Under 18 National Championships sides, check out www.acttouch.com.au for more info. Keep tuned to the TFA website for a great story out of Touch SA….Game Development Officer Andy Crawford has just traveled Pitjantjatjara Lands (Pit Lands) in the North West of SA, for a week long development program. The Northern NSW Eagles and Hunter Western NSW Hornets are both holding upcoming annual general meetings. Check out the dates, times and venues at www.nswtouch.com.au The Sporting Images photographs from the 2006 NTL are up on www.sportingimages.com.au for viewing and purchase. Just go to the website and find the Touch section and scroll through the pictures. It’s a great opportunity to purchase a souvenir or perhaps a present for a family member, friend or coach. Touch Football Queensland have announced their sides for the 2006 State of Origin competition, check out www.qldtouch.com.au. Welcome to another edition of Sixty Seconds in Touch, it’s the post Easter edition and after several days of bunking down with roast dinners and endless Easter eggs, we’re all back at work ready to go for another week…The Fox TV coverage on the National Touch League package has been well received, with countless compliments received in the office for the standard of the coverage, commentary and footage. Check out the TFA website later this week for a full story on the coverage. Touch SA are also running an Affiliate Training and Information day on Sunday August 27, from 10am-3pm. There is no cost to the affiliate and is open to all. The day will cover several different topics, for the full list check out the Touch SA website. The TFA tipping competition is heating up, with ‘Richo’ sitting on top of the NRL standings with ‘Smitya’ also on 29 points. Richo, if that’s you Glen Richardson Touch Football Queensland Development Officer, well…we’re after you. In the AFL competition ‘Mexican’ is holding a two point lead after round 3, but with their results going backwards each week a large group are on Mexican’s tail and next week’s tips look like they could provide some difficult choices. Dubbo is hosting the 2006 NSW Touch Country Championships on 27-28 May at Lady Cutler Reserve. For more information visit the NSW Touch website. In Victorian news, a chilly wind did nothing to discourage teams fighting for the prize money at the 2006 Victorian Country Knockout. For the full story, check out www.victouch.com.au Remember, if you have any info for the weekly edition of Sixty Seconds in Touch please email firstname.lastname@example.org
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Leicester boss Puel insists Chelsea upset can happenby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveLeicester City boss Claude Puel insists they’re capable of upsetting Chelsea this weekend.Puel took heart from their performance in defeat to Manchester City this week in the Carabao Cup quarterfinals.He said, “It will be a good challenge. We need to give our best to get a result. We need to have a collective response.”If we have the same mentality as against Man City, we can hopefully get a result.”Puel also gave a brief injury update and admitted they are still waiting to find out if England defender Ben Chilwell will be fit to face Chelsea.”I think he can participate [in the Chelsea game]. We will see tomorrow.”We have doubts about Wilfred [Ndidi], we will see tomorrow [for Chelsea]. It’s about his knee.”
Juventus veteran Mario Mandzukic still wants Man Utd moveby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveJuventus veteran Mario Mandzukic wants a Premier League transfer in January.Manchester United were close to signing the Croatia international during the summer – but Ed Woodward pulled the plug – thinking £14million was too much to pay for a 33-year-old.The Juventus striker has offers on the table from Qatar, where Al Rayyan are keen.However, Tuttosport claim Mandzukic is holding out for offers from England and with United’s striker crisis – Woodward could be forced to make a U-turn. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
LEXINGTON, KY – NOVEMBER 14: A general view of the Kentucky Wildcats game against the Grand Canyon Antelopes at Rupp Arena on November 14, 2014 in Lexington, Kentucky. (Photo by Andy Lyons/Getty Images)We’re just one month away from March Madness, so naturally, the apparel manufacturers are starting to debut new uniforms for the top college basketball teams. Nike unveiled eight new uniforms Friday – six for men’s teams, two for women’s teams.The men’s squads for Kentucky, Duke, Syracuse, Florida, Arizona and Oregon got new Nike Hyper Elite’s for the stretch run. UConn and Baylor’s women’s teams were were also part of the release. A number of teams, including the Blue Devils, will debut them this weekend. From Nike:Each school’s home uniform will feature a white base with school-specific color lettering and a 26-degree speed graphic of an iconic symbol of each school across the side of the game short. The 26-degree angle of each school’s graphic was inspired by the chevron on the classic Nike Windrunner track jacket that debuted in 1978. Each graphic represents a distinctive basketball point of view, based on the roughly 1,000 directional changes, or “cuts” that a player might make in the course of a game.Here are some shots of the new digs.New Nike uniforms for Kentucky, Duke, Syracuse, Florida, Arizona, Oregon, UConn, & Baylor pic.twitter.com/q6HykfdiCr— Heidi Burgett (@heidiburgett) February 20, 2015Road to March is paved with @nikebasketball Hyper Elite Unis for 8 teams. Debuting this wkd. http://t.co/7ryu7iCz2S pic.twitter.com/cgXspbt3yA— Brian Strong (@briangstrong) February 20, 2015The new Disruption uniform set from Nike! Will wear when Syracuse visits Cameron. pic.twitter.com/sV0EvMGWod— Duke Basketball (@dukeblueplanet) February 20, 2015Check out the brand new @Nike Hyper Elite uniforms we will wear vs. Virginia on Senior Day 3/2! #CuseMode pic.twitter.com/qjz5Fdb6MB— Syracuse Basketball (@Cuse_MBB) February 20, 2015College basketball fans – what do you think?
In Thursday’s first contest of the second round of the NCAA Tournament, No. 3 seed Notre Dame held off a wild rally from No. 14 seed Northeastern to prevail, 69-65. The Irish, more known for their offensive prowess, had to lock down defensively on the Huskies’ final possession to eke out the victory. Following the game, head coach Mike Brey kicked off his locker room speech by clarifying just how important a victory it was for the team.Here’s a clip from our locker room after our 2nd-round NCAA win. Stay tuned to @WatchND for full video. #NotDoneYet pic.twitter.com/5a1HuQW7Uz— Notre Dame MBB (@NDmbb) March 19, 2015Notre Dame has had a tough time advancing in the NCAA Tournament over the years, so this was a big hump for the program. How far can the Irish go?
Freshman guard D’Angelo Russell (0) passes the ball during a game against James Madison on Nov. 28 at the Schottenstein Center. OSU won, 73-56.Credit: Sam Hollingshead / For The LanternThe Ohio State men’s basketball team missed back-to-back 3-pointers to start the game, but the Buckeyes never relinquished their lead after Marc Loving connected from deep on their third possession.Loving — a sophomore forward — made another long ball less than three minutes later before the Buckeyes (5-0) opened up an 11-point lead just over five minutes into their 73-56 win against James Madison (4-2) on Friday at the Schottenstein Center. OSU led by double digits for the final 34:57 of the contest.But despite the perpetual lead, the Buckeyes allowed the Dukes to move within 10 at the half and struggled to shoot the ball throughout the game after starting off 6-for-10 from 3-point range.Senior forward Sam Thompson said the Buckeyes have to be able to win, even when not shooting well, and proved they have that ability against the Dukes.“Sometimes you’ve gotta win like that,” Thompson said after the game. “You’re not gonna score 100 points every game, shoot 65 percent. We obviously don’t want to play like that, but … gotta find ways to win.”OSU shot just 41.3 percent from the field and missed its last eight 3-pointers while turning the ball over 15 times in the game.Coach Thad Matta said OSU lost energy at times in the game, and added that’s bound to happen from time to time.“I think every now and then you have a game like this, and just a little bit lackadaisical,” Matta said after the game. “And that was the biggest thing we talked about after the game, was just trusting the system and knowing that it works. And everybody has to do what they’re supposed to do.”After allowing the Dukes to inch closer at the end of the first half, the Buckeyes opened up an 18-point lead with 15:44 to play after freshman guard D’Angelo Russell found Thompson for an alley-oop.The dunk moved Thompson past the 700-point mark in his OSU career. His 13 points in the game give him 703 for his time in Columbus.Even though they were shooting just over 41 percent from the field with 9:17 to play, the Buckeyes held a 21-point lead. James Madison worked back to a 16-point deficit with four minutes to play.Despite pulling out to a 17-point lead in the first half, the Buckeyes were only up 37-27 at the break after James Madison closed out the opening 20 minutes on a 15-8 run.OSU finished the half shooting just 46.7 percent from the field. Loving didn’t score in the first half after his early 3-pointers, while Russell led all players with 10 points before the break.James Madison out-rebounded OSU, 19-18, in the first half and forced eight Buckeye turnovers.Thompson said the Buckeyes brought down their energy level after starting fast in the first half.“We got off to a hot start and then for whatever reason we really slowed ourselves down in that last probably 10-12 minutes of the first half,” he said. “And obviously take nothing away from (James Madison), but we thought we stopped attacking, stopped being aggressive on the offensive end.”On a day when his team had an up-and-down performance despite picking up a 17-point win, Matta said one player in particular — freshman forward Jae’Sean Tate — brought a spark to the Buckeyes off the bench.“I’d give Jae’Sean Tate the game ball today, just with his energy and just the passion he played with, I thought he was tremendous,” Matta said. “That has to become contagious, we’ve gotta get other guys doing that.”Tate said he’s embraced the role of spark-plug for the Buckeyes five games into his collegiate career.“(I’m a) high-motor guy,” Tate said after the game. “I bring the juice, is what coach would say, and I just try to get us a little kick start when we need it.”Russell scored just four points in the second half but led the Buckeyes with 14 points in the game. Thompson’s 13 made him the only other OSU player to score in double figures. Senior guard Shannon Scott tallied a game-high six assists while senior center Amir Williams led all players with nine rebounds.James Madison junior guard Andre Nation scored a game-high 15 points while sophomore forward Yohanny Dalembert chipped in with 14 points and eight rebounds.OSU is scheduled to play its first road game of the season against Louisville in Louisville, Ky., on Tuesday. Tip is set for 9:35 p.m.
Nurul Haque Nur, Md Rashed Khan and Faruk HossainOpposition BNP’s student wing Jatiyatabadi Chhatra Dal (JCD), the left-leaning student organisations and quota reform movement activists on Monday announced their respective panels for Dhaka University Central Student Union (DUCSU) polls slated for 11 March.Mostafizur Rahman, Anisur Rahman Khondokar and Khorshed Alam Sohel have been named as JCD’s vice president (VP), general secretary (GS) and assistant general secretary (AGS) candidates respectively.The student body’s DU unit president Al Mehedi Talukder and general secretary Abul Bashar Siddique announced their panel at a press briefing at Madhu’s Canteen in the afternoon.The other candidates of the panel are liberation war affairs secretary Jafrul Hasan Nadim, science and technology affairs secretary Maksudur Rahman, common room and cafeteria affairs secretary Quaneta Islam, international affairs secretary Ashraful Islam Uzzal, literary secretary Minhaz Ahmed Prince, cultural secretary Quaiyum Ul Islam, sports secretary Moniruzzaman Mamum, students’ transport secretary Mahfuzur Rahman Chowdhury and social service affairs secretary Touhidul Islam.The panel’s member candidates are Habibul Bashar, Arif Hossain, Iqbal Hossain, Sahab Uddin, Mahmudul Hasan, Safayat Hasnain Sabit, Tanvir Azadi Sakib, Sultan Md Salauddin Siddik, Md Shariful Islam, Imam Al Naser Mishuk and Alamgir Hossain.General Students’ Rights Protection Platform (Sadharon Chhatra Odhikar Sangrokkhon Parishad), which led the quota reform movement last year, has picked Nurul Haque Nur, Md Rashed Khan and Faruk Hossain as their candidates for the posts of vice-president, general secretary and assistant general secretary respectively.The platform declared their panel nominating candidates for 17 out of 25 posts.They will announce the full panel for central union and hall unions within Monday, said the leaders.Other members of the panel are liberation war affairs secretary Nazmul Huda, secretary of common room and cafeteria affairs secretary Sheikh Emilee Jamal, international affairs secretary Habibullah Belali, literary secretary Akram Hossain, cultural secretary Nahid Islam, sports secretary Mamunur Rashid Mamun, students’ transport secretary Razibul Islam and social service affairs secretary Aktar Hossain.The panel’s member candidates are Umme Kulsum Bonya, Raiyan Abdullah, Sab Al Masani, Imran Hossain and Shariar Alam Sumya.Left-leaning student bodies under the umbrella of Progressive Students’ Alliance and Anti-imperialism Students’ Unity jointly nominated Chhatra Union general secretary Liton Nandi for VP, Chhatra Federation’s Umme Habiba Benzeer for GS and Samajtantrik Chhatra Front’s DU unit vice-president Sadekul Islam Sadik for AGS.They picked candidates for all other posts and hall union.Naming their candidates at a press briefing at Madhu’s Canteen on Monday, its leaders said they will press home their six-point demand, including setting the poll stations in academic buildings instead of residential halls.Other members of the panel are liberation war affairs secretary Rajib Kanti Roy, science and technology affairs secretary Ulul Amar Talukder, common room and cafeteria affairs secretary Suhail Ahmed Shuvo, international affairs secretary Mim Arafat Manab, literary secretary Rajib Das, cultural secretary Fahad Hasan Adnan, sports secretary Shuvra Nil Roy, students’ transport secretary Hasib Muhammad Ashik and social service affairs secretary Foisal Mahmud.The panel’s member candidates are Moinul Islam Tuhin, Aminul Islam, Amzad Hossain, Afnan Akhter, Mitramoy, Salman Farsi, Rahatil Rahat, Armanul Haque, Jesan Arka Marandi, Manisha Akhter, Mahir Farhan Khan, Udoy Nafis and Pratnapratim Mehedi.
By James Wright, Special to the AFRO, email@example.comMaryland State Sens. Mike Miller (D-District 27), James Rosapepe (D-District 21) and Douglas Peters (D-District 23) in addition to Maryland Del. Jay Walker (D-District 26) talked about the recently concluded Maryland General Assembly session April 25 at a forum sponsored by the Prince George’s County Chamber of Commerce at The Hotel at the University of Maryland in College Park, Maryland.David Harrington is the president and CEO of the chamber of commerce and Jason DeLoach of the Alexander & Cleaver law firm is the chairman of the board.Del. Jay Walker, who represents District 26 in the Maryland General Assembly, recently talked about how small businesses fared in the recently concluded legislative session. (Courtesy Photo)“We as a chamber need to know what is going on in Annapolis,” DeLoach said. “Large businesses understand that what’s going on with the legislature but small businesses don’t.”Miller talked about some of the victories for the county that took place during the session. “We saved health care for Marylanders from Donald Trump,” he said, meaning that the assembly passed legislation that retained portions of Obamacare the president sought to gut. “We did that placing a tax on the insurance companies in our state for that.”“We also funded WMATA [the Washington, D.C. metro subway system], an incentive package worth billions for Amazon to come to Maryland, and a school safety bill that ensures a public safety officer at every public high school in Maryland.”Miller said he was especially proud that the assembly passed free community college for poor and working-class residents and extra money for historically Black colleges and universities.Walker is the outgoing leader of the Prince George’s delegation to the House of Delegates. Walker started his remarks by criticizing Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan’s (R) priority when it comes to jobs.“Gov. Hogan has worked to see that jobs that are coming to the state go to Western Maryland and the Eastern Maryland but we need to bring those jobs to the DMV [District, Maryland & Virginia],” Walker, first elected to the assembly in 2006, said.Walker said the county delegation worked to secure funding for the new public hospital to be located in Largo, Md., next to the Largo Town Center Metro Center. “The hospital was slated to have 200 beds but now it will have 300 because of the efforts of my colleagues and me,” he said.Rosapepe said his colleagues worked to put more money in school construction and to address overcrowding in schools, particularly in the northern section of the county. During his remarks, Peters gave the audience a quick tutorial on how the process works in Annapolis.“This session, we had 3,100 bills to consider,” he said. “Obviously, we couldn’t get to all of them. If you have a bill that has a fiscal note of $250,000, it’s not going to be considered because of the high cost.”There was a discussion about minority-owned businesses and getting their share of state contracting work. Walker noted a bill of Del. Jazz Lewis (D-District 24) that would streamline the state’s certification process with the federal governments’ so businesses in the state won’t have to go through duplicate processes.
By Micha Green, AFRO Washington, D.C. Editor, firstname.lastname@example.orgWhile spring break is normally the time kids are running far away from books, Operation Pathways brought programming to children that offered an opportunity to make reading just as fun as looking stylish.Organized under Resident Services Coordinator for Operation Pathways, Adeela Abbasi, “Stories for Styles” took place at Benning Heights Community Room on April 18, and allowed for students to read books in exchange for a free haircut or hairstyle.“Stories for Styles,” was an “Academic Achievement,” programming effort hosted by Operation Pathways, where kids read books in exchange for free hairstyles. This is barber Akil Wilson who volunteered to cut hair for the event. (Photo by Micha Green)“I had heard of a barber doing something similar to ‘Stories for Styles’ in another state and I think he called it ‘Trims and Tales’ or something. Anyway, I loved the idea and I immediately jumped on the chance to encourage literacy for the young people in the community,” Abbasi told the AFRO. “I knew the kids would be on spring break and Easter was that same weekend. It seemed to all come together so the kids could have some fun while they were off and get fresh for the holiday too.”While literacy and free hairstyling sounds appealing for many people, the fact that Operation Pathways held “Stories for Styles” at the Benning Heights community was no coincidence. As Resident Services Coordinator, Abbasi said she is, “ tasked with building programs and offering services which will ultimately improve quality of life for families within affordable/ subsidized housing.”“I specifically work in three core areas Health & Wellness, Academic Achievement and Financial Literacy,” Abbasi explained.“Stories for Styles,” fell directly under the core of “Academic Achievement,” and Abbasi felt it important that she met the kids where they were- by targeting their needs, offering enrichment, bringing food and fun and building more opportunities for connection and growth.“Just asking the kids to join me in the community room to read books would never work. However, mixing it in with a fresh haircut, food, music, other educational activities such as ‘Create Your Own Story’ and an opportunity to run around and enjoy themselves is the perfect way to get them engaged,” she told the AFRO.Further, adding the element of looking fresh for their “Easter Sunday’s Best,” was a bonus.Children in Benning Heights in Southeast, D.C. pose doing the “Black Panther” Wakanda pose at the “Stories for Styles” event held by Operation Pathways on April 18.“The communities I work in are comprised of families on fixed incomes. So an opportunity to get a free haircut was surely a financial relief.”While children waited to get their hair done, they read books, played outside, ate hamburgers and hotdogs, danced, colored, wrote stories and participated in an Easter egg hunt.“The day was really about the kids. I wanted them to have a good time and know that educational activities can be fun. And spring break doesn’t mean turn your brain off,” Abbasi said. “We had a ‘Create Your Own Story’ activity where the kids were given paper to draw a picture and write a story.”And some of these children have heavy stories. One girl shared with the AFRO that her father killed her sister and that she was hoping to simply have happier times. A day of fun and enrichment was just what they needed.“I wanted to come to the party,” 9-year-old Aiden told the AFRO. “I like that you can come and play games and do an Easter egg hunt.”While Aiden’s hair was already Easter Sunday ready, she said she loved the concept of “Stories for Styles.” “It’s great because they get to learn to read and look better with their new hair,” Aiden said.Sixth grader, Laila Crawford, served as a volunteer for the event. “I think it’s good. It encourages kids to read and get a nice haircut,” she told the AFRO.With one volunteer barber, another volunteer hairdresser and good samaritans, about 30 children enjoyed “Stories for Styles,” and 17 kids walked away with fresh new styles.Inspired by “Stories for Styles,” Abbasi hopes to continue similar efforts in addition to the work that is already taking place with Operation Pathways.“We would love to have another event like this. Every year we participate in National Night Out which is an evening to encourage the community to come together with law enforcement. Last year I combined the event with a back to school backpack give away. I am always looking for donations of school supplies and backpacks to put them in. This year I want to step it up and include the ‘Stories for Styles’ so kids can go back to school looking fresh,” she told the AFRO.Abbasi also wants to recruit more volunteers.“I learned from this event that the more barbers we have, the better, so if anyone is interested in offering their services that would be great. I would also love to find a shoe sponsor that will allow me to put new shoes on all the elementary age kids on the property,” she said.In addition to the summer plans, Abbasi told the AFRO that she will be conducting financial literacy seminars in May that are free and open to the public.Abbasi encourages all those interested in volunteering or learning more about Operation Pathways to contact her directly. “Anyone who wants to give their time or treasure can reach me at 301-370-9097 or email@example.com. To learn more about the organization visit www.operationpathways.org.”
(Phys.org) —”If we want to exploit a rigorously hardened and tested type of computing system or networks of this type of computing system, we have to break new ground. Covert channels are communication channels utilizing means for communications that have not been designed for communication at all.” So begins a bracing paper published last month in the Journal of Communications. Titled “On Covert Acoustical Mesh Networks in Air,” the paper discusses devices that can support stealthy communication preventing immediate detection of the covert channels. The authors, Michael Hanspach and Michael Goetz, are research associates at the Fraunhofer Institute for Communication, Information Processing and Ergonomy (FKIE), in Wachtberg, Germany. Explore further More information: Research paper: On Covert Acoustical Mesh Networks in Air, www.jocm.us/index.php?a=show&catid=124&id=600 The authors warned that “Acoustical networking as a covert communication technology is a considerable threat to computer security and might even break the security goals of high assurance computing systems based on formally veriﬁed micro kernels that did not consider acoustical networking in their security concept.” Researchers in the past have described acoustic wave propagation used in underwater setups but the authors in their research did something different. “The underlying network stack is based on a communication system that was originally designed for robust underwater communication. We adapt the communication system to implement covert and stealthy communications by utilizing the near ultrasonic frequency range. We further demonstrate how the scenario of covert acoustical communication over the air medium can be extended to multi-hop communications and even to wireless mesh networks.”The authors showed that establishing covert acoustical mesh networks in air is feasible in setups with commonly available business laptops. (The authors noted that a covert acoustical mesh network can be conceived as a botnet or malnet that is accessible via nearfield audio communications.) For their experimental setup, they used five laptops as the mesh network participants. They installed Debian 7.1 on each laptop. Commenting on their work, Dan Goodin of Ars Technica said the new research shows that “high-frequency networking is easily within the grasp of today’s malware.” In an email, Hanspach said that commonly available laptops can communicate over their internal speakers and microphones, and form a covert acoustical mesh network. Over that network, “information can travel over multiple hops of infected nodes, connecting completely isolated computing systems and networks (e.g., the internet) to each other.”The authors, in their paper, also discussed countermeasures against covert acoustical mesh networks. These include the use of lowpass filtering in computing systems and a host-based intrusion detection system for analyzing audio input and output to detect irregularities. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Scenario for a multi-hop acoustical keylogger. Credit: Michael Hanspach and Michael Goetz Research finds new channels to trigger mobile malware Citation: Authors explore security threat of covert acoustical mesh networks in air (2013, December 3) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-12-authors-explore-threat-covert-acoustical.html © 2013 Phys.org
© 2017 Phys.org One of the types of pollutants emitted by cars and trucks is nitrogen oxides (NOx), in particular NO2 and nitric oxide (NO). These pollutants have been in the news in Europe over the past couple of decades because many truck and car owners have chosen to switch to vehicles powered by diesel fuel, which costs less than gasoline—but such vehicles also emit more NOx. To combat air pollution, officials in Europe and the U.K have enacted emissions standards that have resulted in less NOx emitted into the atmosphere. But most such emissions have applied only to NO2, which has muddied the standards. Making things ever murkier—such standards have been based on the percentage of NO2 in total NOx emissions. This is because not only do vehicles emit NO2 directly, but NO turns into NO2 over time once released into the air. Now, it appears that the percentages that officials have been using to set their standards has been wrong.To get an accurate measurement of the true percentage of NO2 in the NOx being emitted by vehicles, the researchers analyzed data from roadside monitors across Europe. In looking at the data, they found that NO2 percentages had risen, as expected, during the period 1995 to 2010 (as people converted to diesel) but then as emissions regulations came into effect, the percentage of NO2 leveled off and has remained at those levels ever since. These levels, the researchers note, are roughly half of what is described by air quality policy, which suggests Europe may reach mandated levels sooner than thought. Gentner and Fulizi Xiong suggest the group’s finding could have also implications for developing nations as well because consumers there tend to buy used diesel vehicles from Europe. 5,000 ‘Dieselgate’ deaths in Europe per year: study Credit: CC0 Public Domain This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (Phys.org)—A team of researchers at the University of York in the U.K. has found that the proportion of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in nitrogen oxides in European traffic emissions is smaller than has been thought. In their paper published in the journal Nature Geoscience, the group describes analyzing data from roadside monitors over the course of many years and what they found by doing so. Drew Gentner and Fulizi Xiong with Yale University offer a News and Views perspective on the work done by the team in the same journal issue and suggest that the team’s findings could have implications for air pollution standards organizations in many more places than just Europe. Journal information: Nature Geoscience More information: Stuart K. Grange et al. Lower vehicular primary emissions of NO2 in Europe than assumed in policy projections, Nature Geoscience (2017). DOI: 10.1038/s41561-017-0009-0AbstractMany European countries do not meet legal air quality standards for ambient nitrogen dioxide (NO2) near roads; a problem that has been forecasted to persist to 2030. Although European air quality standards regulate NO2 concentrations, emissions standards for new vehicles instead set limits for NOx —the combination of nitric oxide (NO) and NO2. From around 1990 onwards, the total emissions of NOx declined significantly in Europe, but roadside concentrations of NO2—a regulated species—declined much less than expected. This discrepancy has been attributed largely to the increasing usage of diesel vehicles in Europe and more directly emitted tailpipe NO2. Here we apply a data-filtering technique to 130 million hourly measurements of NOx , NO2 and ozone (O3) from roadside monitoring stations across 61 urban areas in Europe over the period 1990–2015 to estimate the continent-wide trends of directly emitted NO2. We find that the ratio of NO2 to NOx emissions increased from 1995 to around 2010 but has since stabilized at a level that is substantially lower than is assumed in some key emissions inventories. The proportion of NO x now being emitted directly from road transport as NO2 is up to a factor of two smaller than the estimates used in policy projections. We therefore conclude that there may be a faster attainment of roadside NO2 air quality standards across Europe than is currently expected. Citation: Study of European historical data suggests proportion of NO2 in NOx emissions smaller than thought (2017, November 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-11-european-historical-proportion-no2-nox.html Explore further
Eminent practitioners of art and culture today spoke on the role of culture in development at the 88thAnnual General Meeting of FICCI on Saturday.Shovna Narayan, the ‘Kathak’ exponent said that art should be seen as a venture capital which helps in creation of uniqueness and identity for our country. She stressed on the preservation of art & culture the need to take its advantage in the most economical manner. “We are competing with the West, but we should strive to become centres of excellence and become focal points to act as magnets.” Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Prof. Rajeev Lochan, Director, National Gallery of Modern Art, emphasised the need for creation of space for interaction and exposure for the art and culture. He said that there is a need to create a platform for art where it can be utilised for the economic development in an effective manner. Going ahead, he said that adequate avenues have to be created for the healthy evolution of art and culture in the nation. He also mentioned that the art and culture in the country could benefit from CSR activities of companies. .Sharon Lowen, ‘Odissi’ dancer, said that art has played an important role in the national integration of India in the post-independence period. She said that art gives Indian citizens an edge.
Kolkata: India Vetiver Network along with Jute Board will produce lifestyle products that have tremendous export potential, said vetiver expert C K Ashok Kumar on Tuesday.He was addressing a gathering at the Artisan Speak and Jute Expo held at the renovated Old Currency Building on Tuesday afternoon. It may be mentioned that Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has introduced Sabujayan, a project to prevent soil erosion in Nadia district by planting vetiver along the banks of the rivers. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAshok Kumar said shoes and yoga mats made of jute and vetiver have tremendous export potential, particularly in Europe and America. Vetiver oil is in high demand in Europe. He said the export market of natural fibers is growing fast and geo-textile is coming up. Referring to history, he said Chola kings in South India used to plant vetiver to present soil erosion. A vetiver centre of excellence has come up in Tamil Nadu to create awareness among the youths to go for vetiver farming. About Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed30 engineers are growing vetiver on 700 acres of land in the state. “We should tell our youths to not be job seekers, but be job givers instead,” he maintained. He said the India Vetiver Network will launch an awareness campaign all over the country about vetiver and its tremendous potential. It may be mentioned that over 75 nurseries to grow vetiver have come up in Nadia and room decorations made of vetiver are in high demand in Bengal. Sabujayan project is picking up in several districts and an aroma garden is coming up in South 24-Parganas.