Dan Cohen AUTHOR An $8 million grant from DOD’s Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA) awarded last week to the University of Michigan’s Institute for Research on Labor, Employment and the Economy will be used to help dozens of communities and companies across Michigan, Ohio and Indiana address the loss of jobs in the defense industry stemming from cutbacks in DOD spending.“When communities are faced with the type of sudden and severe economic dislocation that can result from a defense plant closure or a mass layoff, it is necessary, but often difficult to create an effective community response,” Lawrence Molnar, an associate director at the institute and the project’s principal investigator, said in a news release. “Our community-based scope of work combines assistance from both the public and private sectors in communities and regions experiencing or anticipating adverse impacts of defense downsizing.”The university — in partnership with Purdue University and Ohio State University — already has designed and begun to implement strategic programs tailored to more than 40 companies and seven communities through the school’s Defense Manufacturing Assistance Program. The new funding will allow that effort to increase collaborations with regional defense industry research institutions.The $8 million grant, awarded through OEA’s defense industry adjustment program, will support a two-year project that will target 72 communities and companies across the three states. The goal is to generate diversification plans for those communities and companies so they are more resilient and can attract new business, while retaining and growing existing enterprises.The Defense Manufacturing Assistance Program assesses many factors for each participating company and community, including their financial health and market placement. The program then works with each participant to implement diversification plans, which are jointly funded by all parties.The University of Michigan currently is working with Battle Creek and Sterling Heights and is in the process of evaluating a number of other municipalities — Ypsilanti Township, Saginaw, Lansing, Cadillac and Grand Haven — to determine the impact from defense jobs losses and community interest, reported the Detroit Free Press.Michigan, Ohio and Indiana have lost more than 6,800 defense supply-chain positions in recent years as DOD has drawn down from wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and stringent budget caps have been imposed across the federal government.
17 Photos Bloodhound may look familiar to Borderlands fans… Jason Parker/CNET Rumors had been swirling that Respawn had a new battle royale game to showcase, and on Monday, the developer officially revealed Apex Legends during a live stream. We didn’t even have to wait: It was available for free immediately on PC, PS4 and Xbox One. After playing through several matches (with one win!), it clearly has the fundamentals in order. It has a crisp, colorful art style, great shooting mechanics and a familiar, fun battle royale experience. But the biggest difference between it and Fortnite, PUBG and other also-rans is that it gives you eight unique character classes to choose from. Other games like Realm Royale already dabble in this, but don’t have the same cachet as a developer like Respawn does, having won over fans with its Titanfall series.Playable Legends make all the differenceApex Legends keeps to the battle royale conventions in most ways — 60 players drop into a large map in squads of three, search for weapons, armor and other useful items, then battle it out with other squads as a wall of death closes in. But it really shakes things up with eight different “Legends” (character classes) to choose from, each with unique abilities that let you pick your role based on your play style. There is Bangalore, who provides cover for her team with a smoke canister gun and has a passive ability that speeds up her movement when being shot at. Like all other characters, she charges up an Overwatch-like ultimate ability: in her case, a wide-ranging airstrike. Bloodhound takes on a different role as a Technological Tracker, with abilities that let him briefly see enemies in his field of view and footprints showing where enemies have recently been. 2:42 3 Apex Legends is here: How to download the new Titanfall battle royale.Resident Evil 2 review: A joyous return to zombie-infested Raccoon City. Video Games Next is Caustic, a character that currently either requires a ton of free or paid currency to play, who has gas-spewing traps and grenades you can use to control the battlefield near you. If you know an opposing squad is in a small building, for example, you can fill the place with noxious gas to flush them out.Lifeline, the Combat Medic, can heal the squad with drones. Lifeline also has a passive ability that makes her the speediest healer and reviver of all the characters. Another healing plus: She automatically drops a shield while she revives her squad mates.There are four more classes with Gibraltar (Shielded Fortress), Mirage (Holographic Trickster), Pathfinder (Forward Scout) and Wraith (Interdimensional Skirmisher), but you’re starting to get the idea. Each of these varied classes means you can assemble a team of specialists that work well together and maybe give you an advantage on the battlefield. Though there are other royale games that include classes, it’s not a mechanic found in the most popular games in the genre like Call of Duty: Blackout, Fortnite or PUBG, setting Apex Legends apart. Jason Parker/CNET Squad is the only way to playMost battle royale games offer a number of different game types, letting you play solo, with a friend or as part of a squad. As it stands right now, you can only play Apex Legends in a three-person squad. It makes sense, since you have the ability to choose your class and create a team that works well together. But not everyone (including myself) is in love with playing with random team members. Perhaps Apex Legends will eventually suggest characters to help balance a team to have the best chance of winning. We’ll have to wait and see if other game types are introduced in the future, but it makes sense to launch the game as squads-only for now.To Respawn’s credit, one thing that makes joining random squads more bearable is Apex Legends’ ping system that allows for effective communication with teammates. When you want to signal where you think the squad should go next, you simply move your target reticle to the location and hit the ping button, sending a target everyone can see. You can also call out specific items, highlighting a gun that’s available in your location or a grenade a teammate might need that you don’t. So far, it works pretty well with random squad mates, even when it’s just a replacement for opening up the map and pinging a target location. New ways to bring back your teammatesIn games like Fortnite and PUBG, when a squad member goes down, you have a limited amount of time to bring them back, leaving you stuck out in the open while you wait for a progress bar to complete. You can do the same in Apex Legends (with some advantages if you’re playing as Lifeline), but there’s another interesting option. You can also grab your downed player’s “Banner,” then bring that to a reviving station elsewhere to bring them back into the game once you’re out of danger. Of course, this means that opposing players could keep an eye on reviving stations to kill you in the process, but you can also camp around these stations to revive teammates later when it’s less dangerous. Jason Parker/CNET Yes, there are loot cratesAs an EA-published, free-to-play title, no one’s probably surprised there are loot crates. But all I’ve seen so far are loot crates that hold cosmetic items like skins for your guns, new banners, tons of character skins and unlockable audio quips for Legends. Our sister site GameSpot talked to Apex Legends’ project lead Drew McCoy about loot crates during a preview event prior to the game’s launch. “We’ve seen from games like Battlefront II, how much paying for any kind of advantage is so bad,” McCoy said. “I actually think that Battlefront is a really good game mechanically, and they did a lot of great things and it got overshadowed by some of those choices, but it’s a really good spotlight to shine on why those kind of systems are so problematic.” With this in mind, Respawn is trying to be transparent with the system by posting the drop rates for its loot boxes both in the in-game store and on its website. You’re guaranteed at least a rare item with every crate and they won’t give you duplicates. “We just hope that you find a large enough player base that likes what we’ve built and wants to show off and decides to spend some money in the game,” he said. “But if not, free players who spend their time are just as important to us. We take that very seriously. Time and money are the two most precious things in any humans life. And in fact, they’re choosing to spend either of them with us is incredibly important to us.” Depending on your platform, you’ll also be able to get an initial batch of free cosmetic items if you follow GameSpot’s guide here. How is Apex Legends different from Fortnite and PUBG? Tags Share your voice Is all this enough to win over Fortnite and PUBG fans?Fortnite, PUBG and Call of Duty: Blackout already have huge followings and we’re still waiting for Battlefield V’s take on battle royale, so the marketplace is more than crowded. But what makes Apex Legends stand out from the pack is Respawn’s characteristically tight gunplay mixed with the inspired character classes inspired by games like Overwatch, League of Legends and DOTA 2, making it a game that’s both about survival and creating a synergistic team that can outplay the competition.It’s too early to say whether Apex Legends will gain the kind of following of other big franchises, though the early player counts have been strong. Regardless, it’s compelling to see a top-tier developer make innovative game design tweaks that change what we’ve come to expect in the battle royale genre. We’ll have to continue to play, but from my perspective, Apex Legends is off to a great start. Comments Now playing: Watch this: The 17 most anticipated video games of 2019 Fortnite
CNET Samsung’s just-announced Galaxy Fold is one of the most lust-worthy tech products in a long time. See, it’s a phone that unfolds to become a tablet. Or, if you prefer, a tablet that folds up to become a phone.However you italicize it, it’ll cost you: The Fold starts at $1,980. Let me just check under the couch cushions real quick, and… yep, nope.I’m not saying it won’t be an amazing product, just that my $1,980 could be put to much better use. Indeed, I started thinking about everything I could buy for that kind of money and came up with the following list. It’s not meant to duplicate the Fold’s functionality, but rather to sanity-check the expense. Sure, you’ll get a fancy phone and a tablet, but also a whole bunch of other goodies.Samsung Galaxy S9 unlocked: $600 at Amazon. Still a flagship phone, now at a lower price.Samsung Galaxy Watch Active: $199 at Samsung. Preorder Samsung’s upcoming smartwatch now and get a free Wireless Charger Pad. The Active is loaded with fitness-minded features.Amazon Fire HD 8 tablet: $60 at Amazon. Just use your phone’s hotspot feature for anytime, anywhere connectivity. Amazon’s 8-inch tablet does just about everything you could want. Mentioned Above Samsung Galaxy S9 (64GB, Midnight Black) Best laptops for college students: We’ve got an affordable laptop for every student. Best live TV streaming services: Ditch your cable company but keep the live channels and DVR. TCL 6 Series 55-inch Roku TV: $550 at Best Buy. It’s the best picture for the money, period.Why not? Costco Wheeler Power Fabric Recliner: $440 at Costco. The only thing better than watching TV is watching TV while reclining. And charging your phone, which you can do via the built-in USB port.Four Tile Mate trackers and a Google Home Mini: $60 at Best Buy. This is a deal I just happened to catch earlier today. You can’t always get this particular bundle, but you can right now, so why not throw it into the mix?Wyze Cam Pan Wi-Fi security camera: $38 at Amazon. Hey, there’s money left over, so definitely grab one of these. It’s a surprisingly full-featured camera for the price.Five months of Hulu: $30. Starting Feb. 26, the streaming service will drop its with-commercials rate to $6 per month — meaning you can enjoy it for five full months without tipping the $1,980 scale.Those are just examples, of course. You could swap out that chair or TV and buy yourself a decent laptop. The point is, $2,000 is a lot of money to spend on a single gadget, especially when there are less-expensive alternatives that give you the same capabilities.What would you buy for that kind of dough? Now playing: Watch this: See it Preview • Galaxy S9 and S9 Plus: Hands-on with Samsung’s new phones (updated) $599 News • I bought a used Samsung Galaxy S9 for $315 — and I liked it $599 See It 60 Photos Amazon Google Samsung CNET’s Cheapskate scours the web for great deals on PCs, phones, gadgets and much more. Note that CNET may get a share of revenue from the sale of the products featured on this page. Questions about the Cheapskate blog? Find the answers on our FAQ page. Find more great buys on the CNET Deals page and follow the Cheapskate on Facebook and Twitter! See It Share your voice See It 7 Samsung Galaxy S9 Sprint $319 Amazon Close up with the Galaxy Fold screen, notch and hinge Comments 8:28 Phones The Cheapskate CNET may get a commission from retail offers. Review • Galaxy S9 review: The Galaxy S10’s arrival means a cheaper S9 for you Tags Best Buy $599 Samsung Galaxy Fold and S10: Editors react
Gadgets Appliances Best laptops for college students: We’ve got an affordable laptop for every student. Best live TV streaming services: Ditch your cable company but keep the live channels and DVR. We’d never tell you to skip out on your morning caffeine ritual — but bringing a trusty reusable coffee cup to your favorite java shop or making your own brew at home and toting it in a chic coffee tumbler is a smart way to avoid the single-use plastic and paper cups piling up in landfills. Bonus: a lot of brew houses give you a discount for bringing your own coffee cup.We’ve selected some of our favorites to help you find the very best reusable coffee cup. Whether you’re looking for a mug that fits into a car cup holder or something with a modern flare. These sleek, sturdy and stylish coffee cups are made from hard plastic, glass or metal and engineered to hold warm or cold beverages, keeping your tea & coffee hot for hours and an iced drink chilled for just as long. So do the environmentally-conscious thing and bring one of these reusable mugs with you next time you make a coffee run. The planet — and your wallet — will thank you.Read more on CNET: the best water bottles in 2019 | best coffee machines for 2019Read more on Chowhound: how to make good coffee while traveling | coffee products you shouldn’t live withoutNote that CNET may get a share of revenue from the sale of products featured on this page. Amazon KeepCup Reusable Coffee CupThis stylish sipper is made in the USA from soda-lime glass, which means it’s easily recyclable when you’re done with it eventually. You can also microwave it, and even though it’s glass, it’s lightweight enough to carry with you on your morning coffee runs. Thankfully, the cork band keeps your hands safe from burning and the lid and plug are dishwasher safe when it’s time to clean it.$28 on Amazon Amazon Yeti RamblerImagine the amazing power of a Yeti cooler — they’re the standard for fishermen and people who like the outdoors — but in the palm of your hand. This double-walled tumbler keeps your morning coffee hot well into the afternoon, and the genius magnet sliding lid comes apart when it’s time to throw it all in the dishwasher. It’s also the perfect size for most car cup holders when you’re driving through the great outdoors — or just, um, to the office.$30 at Amazon Amazon Hydro Flask Travel Coffee FlaskStash this 16-ounce reusable mug in your bag for your morning coffee run — it’s perfectly sized to a standard coffee cup, so your barista will know exactly how much to charge you. Plus, this flask will keep your cup of joe hot for up to 6 hours and your cold brew chill for 24 hours (thanks to double-walled insulation). It also has a wide mouth opening so that you can gulp the good stuff and let the caffeine do its magic before your first morning meeting.$25 at Amazon Amazon Kinto Travel TumblerIf you’re picky about your coffee, you probably have opinions on reusable coffe cups, too. This super-chic to-go mug comes in neutral shades and has a stainless steel insulated cup that keeps everything at the same temp for up to six hours. Yasssss. The lid spins off to reveal an opening that you can sip from at any angle, and the sleek design is totally museum-worthy. $34 at Amazon Amazon Contigo West Loop Stainless Steel Travel MugNo shame if you’re the person who gets more coffee on their sleeve than in their mouth whenever you’re carrying a cup on the go. Thankfully, the lid on this reusable coffee canteen won’t let anything escape it — and it’s also slim enough to fit in a car cup holder, which means even the bumpiest of rides won’t threaten your morning brew. You can practically take this one with you anywhere. $15 at AmazonS’well Tumbler Amazon This attractive 18-ounce tumbler comes in a ton of amazing shades and designs, but it’s not just a pretty face: it’s made from stainless steel and is triple-walled so that you’ll never get condensation on your hands. But also, did we mention that it’s p-r-e-e-e-e-e-t-t-y? Use this gorgeous and reusable coffee cup around the house and find one that matches your decor (yes, that’s a thing). Heads up, you have to purchase the lid separately. $26 at Amazon Amazon Stojo Silicone Collapsible CupThis is the travel mug for when your work bag is already loaded with notebooks, an iPad, your laptop and a million random receipts from heaven-knows-where. Made out of super-light, leak-proof silicone, it collapses to just 2.5 inches thick, meaning you can tote it practically anywhere without adding bulk to your bag. And when you need a warm-up, it’s microwave safe. Hot tip: it also comes with a straw for when iced coffee season hits.$20 at AmazonRead more: The best gifts for coffee and tea loversThis article was written by Julie Vadnal Post a comment Tags 0 Share your voice
Personnel of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and local people help with rescue operations in hill areas hit by landslides in Kerala.@NDRFHQ/TwitterHas Kerala Chief minister Pinarayi Vijayan has lost the precious connect with the people that every democratically elected ruler should have? He has, and it hardly surprises anyone that Vijayan hasn’t realised the bitter truth yet. From one laughable lapse to another, his rickety apple cart is chugging on. The Left leader, a prisoner of the time-warped Stalinist thought process, seems to be holding on to the belief that making Kerala a police state is the best route to suppress criticism.The latest example is the widely carried out witch-hunt against mediamen, activists and social media users who criticised the government’s handling of the disaster relief funds. The sloppy management of the flood disaster in 2018 had earned Vijayan and his government deeply rooted disaffection among Kerala’s general public. The state survived the disaster because a highly socially aware and committed general public raised their game even as a the government machinery squarely failed. However, what heightened the sense of betrayal of the Kerala public was the blatant misuse of the food relief funds that followed. General public, not just political opponents, vented their anger when a second flood havoc struck the state this month. However, Kerala’s new police state had an easy way to smother criticism. File cases against social media users and media outlets that criticised the government. “The cases have been registered for spreading false campaigns on the relief works and all such people would be arrested and proceeded against as per the law,” State police chief Loknath Behera said after booking 19 people. The swift police move came a day after Vijayan called whistleblowers and social media voices “anti-social elements.” Was the criticism false and motivated? Pinarayi VijayanPTIThe Vijayan government loves to believe that the money and muscle power of the Marxist Communist Party give them the mandate to steamroller critics. The government floundered on many fronts when the flood disaster struck Kerala in 2018. The clueless government was in denial when hundreds died. When fair criticism mounted, the critics were easily termed villains and hunted down by the cyber wing of the Marxist party. So, did the government misuse the Chief Minister’s Disaster Relief Fund (CMDRF)? Yes, it did, multiple times, and brazenly. But if you say that aloud in Kerala your chief minister calls you an anti-social and his police would slap charges that attract imprisonment up to three years. That’s so much for the party that preaches the virtues of freedom of expression and tolerance.”CMDRF is an official system and the money received would be used for distress relief only… The fund is used for helping the poorest among the poor. All the allegations that the fund was being used for any other purpose is wrong,” Vijayan said. He added that those who said otherwise were commiting the most “heinous crime” and should be locked up.A lot of people in Kerala believe he was lying through the teeth. A look at incidents widely reported in the media will help. When CPI-M MLA KK Ramachandran Nair died, Vijayan’s cabinet gave the family Rs 25 lakh from the Chief Minister’s Disaster Relief Fund (CMDRF) in flagrant violation of norms. The disaster relief fund is not meant for paying off bank loans of party leaders. In another blatant violation of norms the CM misused the disaster relief fund again by giving Rs 25 lakh to the family of Uzhavoor Vijayan, the state chief of NCP, an ally in the ruling coalition. An equal amount was doled out to the family of a CPM worker who was killed in an accident. Again, from the chief minister’s disaster relief fund.However, the most disastrous of the indiscretions was Vijayan’s travel in a chartered helicopter to attend a party meeting using funds meant for disaster relief. The CM spent Rs 8 lakh from the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) on a chopper ride to attend a CPM meeting in February 2018. When the media reported it widely the government cancelled the original order. In January 2019, the Kerala Lokayukta admitted a case against CM Vijayan and the state government over the misuse of the Chief Minister’s Distress Relief Fund. The case before the Lokayukta was that the CM and ministers showed “favouritism” in giving hefty financial help to NCP leader late Uzhavoor Vijayan and former CPI(M) MLA K K Ramachandran Nair. The complaint also highlighted that Rs 25 lakh was allotted from the CMDRF to the family of a civil police officer who died in an accident while escorting CPM state secretary Kodiyeri Balakrishnan.What is CMDRF?As per rules, money from CMDRF can only be used for providing relief to people affected by natural calamities. If money is allotted for medical treatment then the beneficiary should be from below the poverty line. CMDRF is not a party fund that the CM can distribute as he pleases to his henchmen. But the CM’s army of advisers failed to tell him that. And when the people said that on public channels they became anti social elements! Fattening the cronies Another disgraceful farce is the skewed priorities at the Rebuild Kerala Initiative (RKI), which was set up to coordinate flood relief efforts. Though basic relief hasn’t reached tens of thousands of victims a year after the disaster struck, the RKI has gobbled up Rs 10 crore for its own establishment costs. The most shocking breach of public trust was the Vijayan government’s decision to rent out a building owned by a party fellow traveller as office for the RKI and furnish it to the hilt. Passengers travel in a truck to a safer place as flood waters ravaged the National Highway 47 in Ernakulam district of Kochi on August 17, 2018AFP/Getty ImagesThe government is spending Rs 88.5 lakh from the RKI funds to furnish the rented property, the Times of India reported, citing an order issued by the planning and economic affairs department. The building is right next to the state secretariat. It’s not as if government buildings can’t be found in the capital city to run the RKI office from. But it’s clear that the government is hell bent on fattening its cronies in the name of flood relief. The money in the CMDRF is the sum total of the contributions, large and small, from people everywhere in the world who wanted to help the flood-hit state. This government breached the trust element underlying a disaster relief contribution. But those who questioned it, and aired concerns over the intentions of the government, were booked under Section 118 B and 120 O of the Kerala Police Act. Section 118 B of Police Act against criticsSection 118 B provides for “imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with fine not exceeding ten thousand rupees or with both” for the offence of ” knowingly spreads rumours or gives false alarm to mislead the police, fire brigade or any other essential service”.Section 120 O stipulates punishment of up to one year for “causing, through any means of communication, a nuisance of himself to any person by repeated or undesirable or anonymous call, letter, writing, message, e-mail or through a messenger.”These case just show the audacity and brazenness of the government. Raise your voice against incompetence, corruption and nepotism, the cyber coolies will bury you under a sleaze load first and then the police will hunt you down. It’s a pity that a communist government in Kerala is stooping so low to protect its image. Perception management, Stalinist style?(The author is Managing Editor, International Business Times, India. Views are personal. Reach the author at email@example.com) Close Kerala Floods | Rain, landslide play havoc in state, 17 killed; CM chairs review meeting
AP Photo/Asmaa WaguihA member of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) defuses a bomb left by Islamic State militants at the stadium that was the site of IS fighters’ last stand in the city of Raqqa, Syria, Wednesday, Oct. 18, 2017.A Houston man who planned to travel overseas and shared information on making bombs and using machetes has pleaded guilty to trying to join the Islamic State group.Prosecutors say 20-year-old Kaan Sercan Damlarkaya pleaded guilty Monday to attempting to provide material support to a foreign terrorist organization.Damlarkaya, who is a U.S. citizen, was arrested in December 2017 following an undercover FBI investigation. He remains in custody pending sentencing in Houston and faces up to 20 years in federal prison.Investigators say Damlarkaya shared information on making and using weapons with people he thought also supported IS. When agents arrested Damlarkaya, they executed a search warrant at his residence and found a machete by his bed. As part of his plans to join ISIS overseas, starting in approximately early August 2017, Damlarkaya had numerous conversations online with many individuals he believed to be fellow ISIS supporters, according to the Department of Justice.During his discussions, Damlarkaya described his intentions to travel overseas to fight for ISIS in Syria or Afghanistan. He added that if he was unsuccessful in joining ISIS overseas, he would conduct an on attack on non-Muslims in the United States and that it was his “dream” to be a martyr.U.S. District Judge Andrew S. Hanen accepted the plea on Monday and has set sentencing for Sept. 30, 2019. At that time, Damlarkaya faces up to 20 years in federal prison and a maximum $250,000 possible fine. Share
Citation: Warped diffusive radio halo detected around the galaxy NGC 4565 (2019, July 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-07-warped-diffusive-radio-halo-galaxy.html Using the LOw-Frequency ARray (LOFAR), astronomers have discovered a diffuse radio halo around the spiral galaxy NGC 4565. The finding, reported in a paper published July 16 on the arXiv pre-print server, could shed more light on the nature of NGC 4565, disclosing important insights about star-forming activity and the distribution of cosmic-ray electrons in this galaxy. Radio haloes are commonly observed around late-type spiral galaxies seen in an edge-on orientation. Studies show that the emission in radio halos is dominated by the non-thermal radio continuum component, indicative of cosmic ray electrons (CRe) and magnetic fields.Very little is known about the transport of cosmic rays in galaxies other than Milky Way. Low-frequency radio continuum observations have the potential to change this. They allow to investigate the oldest CRe far away from star formation sites in the halos of galaxies.So a team of astronomers led by Volker Heesen of University of Hamburg in Germany used LOFAR to conduct deep, low-frequency (144 MHz) observations of NGC 4565. Located about 38.8 million light years away, the target is a late-type spiral galaxy at an almost edge-on orientation. It is a quiescent galaxy with a low star-formation rate and an average mass surface density.”We have observed the nearby edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 4565 with LOFAR at 144 MHz in the radio continuum to measure the distribution of CRe and magnetic fields,” the astronomers wrote in the paper.During the observations, the astronomers detected a warp in the radio continuum of NGC 4565 that is reminiscent of a neutral hydrogen line (HI) warp and identifying a slight flaring of the galaxy’s radio halo. The researchers assume that this flaring is caused by the warp as the vertical intensity profiles are asymmetric, which is in agreement with the warp. According to the study, a minimum age for the warp was estimated at approximately 130 million years. This is the spectral age of the galaxy’s CRe, during which they are transported into the warp.Taking into account the results, the astronomers concluded that the NGC 4565 may be in the aftermath of a period with more intense star formation. They added that the galaxy has a relatively old population of CRe that has slowly diffused away from the star-forming disc.”The weak outflow that may be seen at higher frequencies was therefore probably stronger in the past, which explains the diffusive low-frequency radio halo,” the scientists wrote.Emphasizing that NGC 4565 could be in transition from an outflow- to an inflow-dominated phase, the researchers noted that this could explain why it behaves differently to NGC 7462, the only other galaxy in which they have detected a diffuse radio halo. They added that their research proves the significance of LOFAR observations for improving the understanding of cosmic rays and galaxy evolution. Hubble sees the needle galaxy, edge-on and up close Explore further © 2019 Science X Network NGC 4565: non-thermal radio spectral index between 144 (LOFAR) and 1570 MHz (JVLA) at 20 arcsec FWHM resolution. The major axis has been rotated so that it is horizontal. The size of the synthesised beam is shown in the bottom left corner. Image credit: Heesen et al., 2019. More information: Warped diffusive radio halo around the quiescent spiral edge-on galaxy NGC 4565, arXiv:1907.07076 arxiv.org/abs/1907.07076 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.